When is the Nepali New Year?

When is the Nepali New Year?

Are you eager to know when the Nepali New Year is? Well, look no further! In this article, we will uncover the exact date of this vibrant celebration. Get ready to immerse yourself in the rich cultural traditions and joyous festivities of Nepal as we unveil the magical moment when the Nepali New Year commences.

The Nepali Calendar

The Nepali Calendar, also known as the Bikram Sambat or B.S., is a traditional lunar calendar used in Nepal. It is based on the Hindu Solar calendar and incorporates elements from both the Hindu and Buddhist traditions. The calendar is significant in Nepali culture and holds both cultural and religious importance. It is used for determining auspicious dates, festivals, and other traditional events.

Lunar Calendar

The Nepali Calendar follows a lunar-based system, where the months are determined by the phases of the moon. Each month begins with the new moon and lasts until the following new moon. This lunar cycle results in months being either 29 or 30 days long. The transition from one month to the next is marked by the sighting of the new moon, which is observed by astrologers and religious leaders.

Nepali Months

The Nepali Calendar consists of twelve months, each with its own unique name and significance. The names of the months are derived from both Sanskrit and Nepali language, and they hold significant cultural and religious connotations. Some of the notable months include Baisakh, Jestha, Ashad, Shrawan, Bhadra, and Ashwin.

When is the Nepali New Year?

Significance of the Nepali New Year

Cultural Importance

The Nepali New Year, also known as “Naya Barsha” or “Navavarsha,” holds immense cultural importance for the people of Nepal. It is a time when families come together, homes are cleaned and decorated, and traditional rituals and customs are observed. The New Year is an occasion to celebrate the rich cultural heritage of Nepal and to express gratitude for the blessings of the past year.

Religious Significance

In addition to its cultural significance, the Nepali New Year also holds religious importance. It is considered a time to honor and seek the blessings of various deities and celestial beings. Special prayers and rituals are conducted at temples and monasteries throughout the country. These religious observances are believed to bring prosperity, good fortune, and spiritual upliftment in the coming year.

Celebratory Traditions

The Nepali New Year is celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy. People dress in traditional attire, participate in cultural dances and music performances, and take part in various festive activities. One of the most prominent traditions is the “Bisket Jatra” celebrated in the ancient city of Bhaktapur, where a chariot is pulled through the streets, accompanied by music and dance. Other traditions include swinging on swings, playing traditional games, and enjoying delicious festive foods.

Determining the Nepali New Year

Lunar-based Calculation

The Nepali New Year is determined based on the lunar calendar. It falls on the first day of the month of Baisakh, which usually coincides with the month of April in the Gregorian calendar. The exact date of the New Year varies from year to year, as it is based on the lunar cycles and the sighting of the new moon. Astrologers and religious leaders play a crucial role in determining the precise date of the Nepali New Year.

Astrological Considerations

Astrology plays a significant role in determining the Nepali New Year. The movement of celestial bodies, planetary alignments, and astrological calculations are considered when determining the auspicious timing of the New Year. Astrologers consult ancient texts and perform intricate calculations to ensure the most favorable date for the New Year celebrations. The alignment of the stars and planets is believed to have a profound impact on the energy and fortunes of the coming year.

Transition from Bikram Sambat to Shaka Sambat

The Nepali Calendar went through a significant transition in 1957 when the government of Nepal officially adopted the Shaka Sambat as the national calendar. The Shaka Sambat is based on the Saka Era, which is linked to the reign of the Indian emperor Kanishka. However, despite this transition, the Bikram Sambat continues to be widely used and recognized as the traditional calendar, especially for cultural and religious purposes.

Amendment of Nepali Calendar

Over the years, there have been discussions and debates about the need to amend the Nepali Calendar. Some propose revising the calendar to align with the Gregorian calendar to simplify administrative and business operations. However, others argue that such a change would erode cultural traditions and undermine the uniqueness of the Nepali calendar. The discussion regarding calendar reforms is ongoing, and any potential amendments would need to strike a balance between tradition and practicality.

Months Leading to the Nepali New Year

Basanta Panchami

Basanta Panchami, also known as Saraswati Puja, marks the beginning of the festive season leading to the Nepali New Year. It falls in the month of Magh and is dedicated to the goddess Saraswati, the Hindu deity of knowledge, arts, and wisdom. People celebrate this day by worshipping Saraswati, holding educational and cultural events, and wearing yellow attire as a symbol of spring and prosperity.


The month of Magh is considered significant in the lead-up to the Nepali New Year. It is a time when the winter season starts fading away, and nature begins to bloom. Various religious and cultural festivals take place during this month, including the festival of Makar Sankranti, which marks the transition of the sun into the zodiac sign of Capricorn. The month of Magh is associated with celebration, purification, and new beginnings.


Falguna, the last month of the Nepali Calendar, marks the final preparations for the New Year. It is a month of festivities and joyous celebrations. One of the most significant festivals of Falguna is Holi, also known as the Festival of Colors. Holi is a time of vibrant colors, music, and revelry, symbolizing the victory of good over evil and the arrival of spring. The month of Falguna sets the stage for the grand celebration of the Nepali New Year.

New Year’s Date Variations

Importance of Solar and Lunar Movements

The Nepali New Year’s date is influenced by the movements of both the sun and the moon. While the lunar calendar determines the month and the date of New Year, the solar calendar plays a role in aligning the seasons and determining the length of each month. The interplay between solar and lunar movements results in variations in the date of the New Year from year to year.

Leap Years in Nepali Calendar

Similar to the Gregorian calendar, the Nepali calendar incorporates leap years to account for the misalignment between the solar and lunar years. A leap year in the Nepali calendar occurs every three years, adding an extra month to the calendar. This additional month, known as an “Adhik Mas,” helps in maintaining the synchronization between the lunar and solar cycles and ensures the accuracy of the calendar.

Regional Differences

While the Nepali New Year is widely celebrated throughout Nepal, there are regional differences in the way it is observed. In different parts of the country, various customs and traditions may be followed, unique to the local culture and community. These regional variations add diversity and richness to the overall celebration of the Nepali New Year.

Festivities and Celebrations

Preparations for the New Year

In the weeks leading up to the Nepali New Year, people engage in thorough cleaning and decoration of their homes. It is believed that cleaning one’s living space brings good luck and prosperity for the coming year. New clothes and ornaments are purchased, and markets are filled with festive items and special treats. The air is filled with excitement and anticipation as the entire country prepares to welcome the New Year.

Religious Observances

Religious observances form an integral part of the Nepali New Year celebrations. People visit temples and monasteries to offer prayers and seek the blessings of the deities. Elaborate rituals, including the lighting of butter lamps, recitation of mantras, and performing pujas, are carried out to invoke divine favor and protection for the year ahead. The spiritual aspect of the New Year celebration adds a sense of reverence and gratitude.

Music, Dance, and Cultural Performances

Music, dance, and cultural performances are at the heart of the Nepali New Year celebrations. Traditional folk dances, such as the “Deuda” and “Sorathi,” are performed with great enthusiasm. Colorful processions, featuring musicians, dancers, and traditional instruments, bring the streets to life. Cultural programs, showcasing traditional music and dance forms, are organized in various communities, providing a platform to celebrate and preserve the rich cultural heritage of Nepal.

New Year Feast and Family Gatherings

The Nepali New Year is a time for families to come together and celebrate. Family members gather for a lavish feast known as “Bhoj,” where traditional dishes and delicacies are prepared. The feast is a joyous occasion for bonding and strengthening familial ties. Elders bless the younger generation, and family traditions are passed down through storytelling and collective reminiscing.

Exchange of Blessings and Gifts

The Nepali New Year is also a time for exchange of blessings and gifts. Friends, relatives, and neighbors visit one another’s homes, conveying good wishes for the coming year. It is customary to exchange small gifts and traditional offerings, such as red-colored vermillion powder (tika) and rice grains. These exchanges foster a sense of community and goodwill among individuals and contribute to the overall festive spirit.

Public Holidays and Observances

Official New Year Holiday

The Nepali government recognizes the Nepali New Year as an official public holiday. Offices, schools, and businesses remain closed on this day, allowing individuals to fully participate in the festivities and spend time with their loved ones. The official holiday status underscores the cultural and national importance of the Nepali New Year.

Societal Impact

The New Year holiday has a significant impact on Nepali society. It serves as a much-needed break for individuals, allowing them to rejuvenate and celebrate amidst their busy lives. It promotes unity and togetherness, as people from all walks of life come together to celebrate as a community. The New Year holiday also boosts the local economy, as people engage in shopping, travel, and tourism activities during this period.

Nepali New Year Abroad

As Nepali communities have spread across the globe, the celebration of the Nepali New Year has transcended national borders. Nepali diaspora maintain strong cultural ties and organize New Year events in various countries. These celebrations provide an opportunity for the Nepali community to come together, preserve their cultural heritage, and create a sense of belonging away from their homeland.

Comparison with Other New Year Celebrations

Gregorian New Year

The Nepali New Year shares some similarities with the internationally recognized Gregorian New Year. Both celebrations evoke a sense of new beginnings, fresh starts, and resolutions for the future. However, the Nepali New Year incorporates unique cultural and religious elements that distinguish it from the Gregorian New Year. While the Gregorian New Year is based on the solar calendar, the Nepali New Year follows a lunar calendar, giving it a different rhythm and significance.

Chinese New Year

The Chinese New Year, also known as the Spring Festival, holds similarities to the Nepali New Year. Both celebrations are based on lunar calendars and are characterized by vibrant festivities, family gatherings, and symbolic traditions. The Chinese New Year typically falls between January and February, while the Nepali New Year typically falls in April. Each celebration has distinct customs and rituals that reflect the cultural heritage of the respective communities.

Other South Asian New Year Festivals

South Asia is home to a rich tapestry of diverse cultures and traditions, each with its own unique New Year celebrations. For example, the Bengali New Year in Bangladesh and West Bengal, India, known as “Pohela Boishakh,” is celebrated with music, dance, and elaborate processions. Similarly, the Sinhala and Tamil New Year in Sri Lanka, known as “Aluth Avurudda,” is marked by traditional games, feasts, and religious rituals. These South Asian New Year festivals, including the Nepali New Year, showcase the region’s cultural richness and diversity.

Future Dates and Calendar Revisions

Recent Changes in Nepali Calendar

In recent years, there have been discussions about revising the Nepali Calendar to align it with international standards and simplify administrative processes. In 2017, the Government of Nepal introduced the English date along with the Nepali date on official government documents, representing a move towards modernization. This change aimed to make it easier for international interactions and enhance the country’s global presence.

Conversations on Potential Amendments

While there have been discussions about calendar reforms, any potential amendments to the Nepali Calendar are still under consideration. The debates primarily revolve around maintaining cultural identity and preserving traditional practices, while also accommodating practical needs in a globalized world. Finding a balance between tradition and modernity is crucial in deciding the future direction of the Nepali Calendar.

Long-term Predictions

Predicting the exact future dates of the Nepali New Year requires detailed astronomical calculations and consideration of numerous factors. As advancements in science and technology continue, there may be more precise methods to determine lunar and solar movements, contributing to greater accuracy in predicting the Nepali New Year. However, it is also important to preserve the essence of tradition and cultural heritage, even as the calendar evolves.


The Nepali New Year, with its rich cultural and religious significance, holds a special place in the hearts of the Nepali people. It is a time when communities come together to celebrate, reflect, and express gratitude. The Nepali Calendar, rooted in tradition and spiritual beliefs, not only guides the timing of the New Year but also serves as a cultural compass for the nation.

While discussions about potential amendments continue, it is essential to strike a balance between preserving tradition and embracing modernity. The Nepali New Year, and the calendar that accompanies it, beautifully encapsulates the evolution of celebrations while honoring the foundations of tradition.

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